Application of the copper(II)-aminosilane catalysts in the oxidative
polymerization of 2,6-dimethylphenol
Polimery 2015, No 6, 372
The aim of this work was to examine the aminosilane ligands for the copper(II) salts and their application as catalysts for the oxidative polymerization of 2,6-dimethylphenol leading to poly(2,6-dimethyl-1,4-phenylene ether) (PPE) [also known as poly(phenylene oxide) (PPO)] formation. As aminosilane ligands, silane derivatives containing primary and/or secondary amino groups were tested. Among aminosilanes used, PPE was only obtained when N-methylaminopropyltrimetoxysilane (MAPTMS) as a ligand for copper(II) was used. CuCl2 and CuBr2 were compared as catalyst precursors for 2,6-dimethylphenol polymerization and influence of N/Cu molar ratio in the range from 80 to 160 on PPE yield and its Mw was tested. It was observed, that with increasing N/Cu molar ratio from 80 to 120, both PPE yield and Mw increased. PPE with the highest Mw was obtained when CuBr2-MAPTMS as acatalyst was used. At N/Cu molar ratio equal to 160, a decrease in PPE Mw obtained with use of both precursors and decrease in PPE yield for CuCl2-MAPTMS catalyst were noticed. The condensed nanoorganosilicon particles of spherical shape well dispersed in PPE were determined in the polymer matrix. The UV-Vis studies showed that, strong ligand field of the aminosilane ligand easier electron transfer from monomer to Cu(II) and thus polymerization facilitate.