Chemical stability of orthodontic adhesives based on polymer network depending on external environment’s pH (inEnglish)
Polimery 2019, No 1, 32
Chemical stability of composite adhesive systems is crucial for the safety of their use.The study assessed chemical stability of four light-cured orthodontic adhesives: Contec LC, Transbond XT, Transbond Plus, Resilience, depending on pH value of the external environment. Samples of polymerized orthodontic adhesives were treated with (high-performance liquid chromatography) HPLC-grade water solutions of phosphate-citrate buffer with pH values respectively: 4, 5,6 and 7 at 36 °C. The eluates obtained after 1 hour, 24 hours and 7 days of sample incubation were analyzed for the presence of camphorquinone (CQ), bisphenol A (BPA), triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA), bisphenol A diglycidyl methacrylate (Bis-GMA), ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EGDMA), 2,2-dimethoxy-2-phenylacetophenon (DMPA) usingultra-high performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC). Out of the seven searchable substances, TEGDMA was present in eluates obtained from Contec LC, Resilience and Transbond XT materials and EGDMA in eluates obtained from Resilience adhesive. The eluates obtained from the Transbond Plus adhesive system were virtually free of the sought substances. The highest concentrations of TEGDMA in solutions were recorded after 1 hour of incubation regardless ofthe type of material. In the case of Contec LC material, an increase in TEGDMA concentrations was observed along with an increase in the solutions’ pH, butonly for the elution period of 1 hour and 7 days, the effect of the solvent’s pH was statistically significant (p ≤ 0.001). In the case of Resilience and Transbond XT, no significant differences in TEGDMA concentrations were observed with respect to pH of the external environment. In the conditions of the conducted study, a lack of chemical stability was confirmed for the majority of assessed orthodontic adhesive systems based on polymers, expressed in emission of component monomers to the external environment. The chemical compound identified in the study was TEGDMA, and for each pH of the solvent, statistically significant differences in its release were found between the materials. However, no explicit relationship was observed between chemical in stability of the studied materials and pH of the external environment within the assumed range of assessment.