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Z. Bartczak

Deformation of semicrystalline polymers – the contribution of crystalline
and amorphous phases (in English)

Polimery 2017, No 11-12, 787


DOI: dx.doi.org/10.14314/polimery.2017.787

Summary

The plastic deformation process of semicrystalline polymers and the micromechanisms involved are discussed. The particular attention is paid to the dependence of deformation on structure and mutual influence of deformation of crystalline and amorphous components. Deformation of a semicrystalline polymer appears a complex series of continuous processes, involving mostly crystallographic deformation mechanisms operating in the crystalline phase. However, a very important role in that sequence is played by the deformation of amorphous interlamellar layers, partially reversible on unloading, which produces not only the high orientation of amorphous component but also influences deeply and supports the deformation of crystalline phase since crystalline lamellae and amorphous interlamellar layers, intimately connected through covalent bonds of chains crossing the interface, can deform only simultaneously and consistently. In particular, an influence of the topology of the amorphous phase, including the density of the molecular network of entangled chains and number of chains connecting adjacent crystalline and amorphous layers, on deformation instabilities of crystalline component in polyethylene are discussed. The induced instabilities of crystallographic slip lead to formation of lamellar kinks and frequently to an extensive fragmentation of lamellae. These transformations of crystalline structure together with restructurization of amorphous phase at high strains influence deeply the formation of the final highly oriented structure of the deformed semicrystalline polymer.
Keywords: deformation, semicrystalline polymer, polyethylene, deformation mechanism
e-mail: bartczak@cbmm.lodz.pl
Z. Bartczak (1.38 MB)
Deformation of semicrystalline polymers – the contribution of crystalline and amorphous phases (in English)