Effect of modified bentonites on the crosslinking process of epoxy resin with alifphatic amine as curing agent
Polimery 2019, No 7-8, 499
In this work the influence of modified bentonites on the process of epoxy crosslinking with triethylenetetramine (TETA) was investigated. Bentonites (BS) modified with quaternary phosphonium (QPS) and ammonium (QAS) salts were used as a nanofiller in the epoxy matrix (EP) in the amounts of 1 and 3 wt %. Gel time of the compositions was investigated using rotational rheometer at 30, 45 and 60 °C and activation energies of the compositions were determined. The storage G’ and loss G” moduli crossover criterion was used to determine the nanocomposites gel time variation. On the basis of the obtained results, it was found that the addition of modified aluminosilicates decreased the gel time of epoxy compositions at 30 and 45 °C, while at 60 °C it increased compared to unmodified epoxy resin. The obtained results indicate that the amount of modified aluminosilicate and the type of salt influence the reactivity of epoxy compositions. Among the tested systems, the most reactive was the composition of EP+3% BSQPS1, because the gel time at 30 °C and activation energy decreased by1500 s and 8 J/mol, respectively, in relation to theunfilled EP resin. A more catalytic effect was observed in the case of bentonites modified with quaternary phosphonium salts, which may be associated with lower phosphorus electronegativity in relation to nitrogen and a lower viscosity of these systems.