Effect of selected vegetable oils on the properties of acrylonitrile-butadiene
rubber vulcanizates (in English)
Polimery 2015, No 1, 43
In this study, we study if vegetable oils such as olive and orange oil, which are natural products devoid of any toxic effects, can function as multipurpose additives (processing aids, plasticizers and antioxidants) in acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber (NBR) containing 20 phr of carbon black (HAF). Dioctyl phthalate (DOP) and polymerized 2,2,4-trimethyl-1,2-dihydroquinoline (TMQ) were used as a reference plasticizer and antioxidant respectively. Rheometric and swelling characteristics were studied. The mechanical and dielectric properties before and after thermo-oxidative aging for different time periods up to 264 h at 100 °C were also studied. The physico-mechanical results indicated that olive and orange oils impart good mechanical properties to NBR vulcanizates. Furthermore, they improve aging resistance and increase hardness. Dielectric relaxation spectra were used to study the relaxation behavior of these samples as function of frequency (0.1 Hz to 5 MHz) at different temperatures. The obtained data were interpreted on the basis of electrode polarization and provide evidence that the recorded relaxation phenomena include contributions from both the polymeric matrix and the presence of the reinforcing phase. According to the available mechanical and electrical results, it is suggested that olive and orange oils may be used as multipurpose additives in nitrile rubber.