Evaluation of the effect of N,N'-bis(1H-benzotriazole) dodecanedioic acid
Polimery 2016, No 11-12, 773
A serious disadvantage of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) is its poor crystallization properties. In the present work, a novel type of organic nucleating agent – N,N'-bis(1H-benzotriazole) dodecanedioic acid acethydrazide (DA) – was synthesized and then applied in PLLA crystallization studies. The thermal performance, including non-isothermal crystallization, melting behavior, and thermal stability of the PLLA/DA blend, was evaluated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). In non-isothermal crystallization, DA exhibited excellent nucleating and accelerating effects for the crystallization of PLLA since the relevant characterization parameters, including the onset crystallization temperature, non-isothermal crystallization enthalpy, etc., increased. Besides, it was found that an increase in the adjusted final melting temperature in the range from 180 °C to 220 °C led to an enhancement of the PLLA crystallization. DSC measurements under different conditions showed that crystallization temperature, crystallization time, rate, and DA content could affect the melting behavior. According to TGA measurements, all PLLA/DA samples revealed a higher thermal decomposition temperature than neat PLLA. Most probably, the observed behavior results from a strong interaction between PLLA and DA.