Influence of 2,4,6-trimethylphenol on the yield of synthesis and properties of poly(phenylene oxide) (in English)
Polimery 2014, No 3, 201
The influence of 2,4,6-trimethylphenol (2,4,6-TMP) — a by-product of 2,6-dimethylphenol (2,6-DMP) preparation — on the process of poly(phenylene oxide) (PPO) synthesis is presented. Synthesis of the polymer was carried out with solution and precipitation method. 2,4,6-TMP was used in the amount up to 2.2 wt % in both processes. The molecular weights (Mn and Mw) and the dispersity (Đ) of the polymers obtained were determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). Thermal properties using (DSC, TGA), and the mass melt flow rate (MFR) were also determined. In contrast to the precipitation method, it was found that 2,4,6-TMP had a strong effect on properties of PPO obtained by solution polymerization. Addition of 2,4,6-TMP to the monomer solution caused a decrease in molecular weight of polymers. A change of Đ value and thermal properties were also noticed. An addition of 2,4,6-TMP up to 2.2 wt % to the reaction in the solution polymerization caused increase in MFR, whereas alcohol used in the precipitation polymerization of 2,6-DMP strongly determined properties of the polymer obtained.