Physicochemical and mechanical properties of natural cellulosic fiber from Coccinia Indica and its epoxy composites (in English)
Polimery 2019, No 10, 656
This paper reports on the physicochemical, and mechanical characterization of Coccinia Indica (CI) fiber. The Coccinia Indica fiber (CIF) reinforced epoxy composite is fabricated using a compression molding process. The results of the chemical analysis of CIF showed that the fiber contained more cellulose and skimpy lignin, ash, and wax content. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed that the fiber possessed a multicellular structure. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies revealed that CIF shows a crystallinity index of 30%. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) indicated that the major degradation of fibers occurred in the temperature range of 204.2 °C to 376.3 °C. The various mechanical test results showed that the tensile, flexural and impact strength increased with increase in fiber length and weight percentage. The maximum properties were found at 30 mm fiber length and 35% of fiber loading. The SEM fractography result showed that the predominant mechanism for mechanical failure was due to fiber pull out, matrix fracture and fiber fracture.