The effect of N,N’-bis(benzoyl)dodecanedihydrazide on enhancing
Polimery 2018, No 11-12, 815
The effect of N,N’-bis(benzoyl)dodecanedihydrazide (BADH) as a newly-developed organic nucleating agent on the crystallization process of poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) was examined in this study. Non-isothermal crystallization results indicated that BADH had excellent acceleration effects on the melt-crystallization of PLLA, and a larger proportion of BADH promoted more powerful crystallization. However, BADH inhibited the crystal growth of PLLA during the cold-crystallization process, and an increase of BADH concentration caused the non-isothermal crystallization peak to shifttowards a higher temperature and become much wider. Although increased coolingrates might decrease nuclei density, it was surprising to see that BADH contents of 2 wt % to 3 wt % were able to accelerate the crystallization of PLLA upon fast cooling at 20 °C/min or even higher cooling rates. Besides, the effect of the final melting temperature on the melt-crystallization process of PLLA was not negligible, the relevant results implied that 190 °C was the optimal blending temperature of PLLA and BADH. Isothermal crystallization showed that, in the best case of the PLLA/3% BADH sample, the half-time of crystallization has a minimum value of 22.9 s at 115 °C. The calculation of frontier molecular orbital energies confirmed that the interaction between PLLA and BADH could form more easily during the melting blend than PLLA itself, indicating that the probable nucleating mechanism was chemical nucleation.