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X. Liu, J. Zhao, R. Yang, R. Iervolino, S. Barbera

Thermal aging of hydrogenated nitrile rubber – loss of additives
and its influence on elasticity maintenance (in English)

Polimery 2017, No 7-8, 588


DOI: dx.doi.org/10.14314/polimery.2017.588

Summary

The thermal aging of hydrogenated nitrile rubber (HNBR) at elevated temperatures 125 and 150 °C was investigated. The changes of chemical structures, including functional groups and crosslinking density, and the changes of mechanical properties, including recovery from bending (RFB), tensile strength, elongation at break and Young's modulus, were determined. In addition, the loss of additives was analyzed by pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). The aging procedure of HNBR exhibited two stages: loss of additives along with the deterioration of elasticity; obvious oxidation and extra crosslinking with further hardening and embrittlement. The relationship between the deterioration of elasticity and the loss of plasticizers was established. It was demonstrated that the failure of HNBR happened long before obvious oxidation and crosslinking of the rubber chains, and the loss of additives, especially the loss of plasticizers, was the main reason for the failure. Therefore, the elasticity recovery of aged HNBR immersed in the plasticizer (n-propyl palmitate as a model) was carried out. This treatment was demonstrated to be effective before obvious oxidation and crosslinking of HNBR occurred during the thermal aging.
Keywords: hydrogenated nitrile rubber, thermal aging, additives, elasticity
e-mail: yangr@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
X. Liu, J. Zhao, R. Yang, R. Iervolino, S. Barbera (1.3 MB)
Thermal aging of hydrogenated nitrile rubber – loss of additives and its influence on elasticity maintenance (in English)