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M. Bednarek, P. Kubisa

RAPID COMMUNICATION: Application of poly(3-ethyl-3-hydroxymethyloxetane)

as macroinitiator for the synthesis of star polymers of ethylene oxide.

Efficiency of initiation (in English)

Polimery 2004, No 10, 719


Summary

Macromolecules of poly(3-ethyl-3-hydroxymethyloxetane) (poly-EHMOX) may act as convenient multifunctional initiators for the synthesis of star polymers in polymerizations initiated by -OH (or -O-) groups. It is desirable, that all functional groups of the initiator are indeed involved in initiation because in such case the number of arms is equal to the number of functional groups. We have used poly-EHMOX as macroinitiator for anionic and cationic polymerization of ethylene oxide (EOX) leading to star polymers containing poly-EHMOX core and poly-EOX arms. Using 1H NMR method it has been shown that the efficiency of initiation of anionic polymerization by -O- groups derived from poly-EHMOX is not quantitative. On the other hand, in the cationic polymerization of EOX in the presence of poly-EHMOX (proceeding by Activated Monomer mechanism) efficiency of initiation is quantitative and the number of arms is equal to the number of functional groups in poly-EHMOX even at the early stages of reaction.


Keywords: star polymers, poly(3-ethyl-3-hydroxymethyloxetane), macroinitiator, poly(ethylene oxide), ionic polymerization, initiation efficiency


M. Bednarek, P. Kubisa

Application of poly(3-ethyl-3-hydroxymethyloxetane) as macroinitiator for the synthesis of star polymers of ethylene oxide. Efficiency of initiation (in English)