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Z. K. Brzozowski, S. Staszczak, Ł. Hadam, W. Zatorski, S. Rupiński, D. Bogdał

Fireproof, solid state epoxy resins (in English)

Polimery 2007, No 1, 29


DOI: dx.doi.org/10.14314/polimery.2007.029

Summary

Solid state epoxy resins were synthesized in the reactions of the systems: 1,1-dichloro- -2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethylene (BPC II) and 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane (bisphenol A), mixed in various weight ratios, with one of two low-molecular weight epoxy resins, Epidian 5® or diglycidylether of 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethylene (DGEBC II). Additionally the series of the samples synthesized with use of DGEBC II but with addition of red phosphorus as flame retardant were prepared. It was found, on the basis of limiting oxygen index (LOI) measurements, that the flammability of the samples decrease (higher values of LOI) with increase in BPC II weight part in the mixture with bisphenol A, for all the series of samples prepared. Solid state resins synthesized with the use of DGEBC II were less flammable than similar samples with bisphenol A. Addition of red phosphorus increased significantly LOI values, however, caused deterioration of optical properties of the resins investigated. The samples characterized with low flammability were selected for the syntheses with addition of zinc stannate (ZS) or zinc hydroxystannate (ZHS) as flame retardants. The values of LOI of the products obtained were determined (Table 2). It was found that the addition of 2-3 wt. % of ZS or ZHS significantly improves LOI values not causing the deterioration of optical properties.


Key words: solid state epoxy resins, 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethylene, flame retardants, oxygen index


e-mail: Zbigbi@ch.pw.edu.pl


Z. K. Brzozowski, S. Staszczak, Ł. Hadam, W. Zatorski, S. Rupiński, D. Bogdał


Fireproof, solid state epoxy resins (in English)