Fatigue investigations of elastomeric nanocomposites for heart assisting devices
Polimery 2011, No 7-8, 571
The results of studies on the fatigue properties of synthesized novel elastomeric nanocomposites have been presented. An elastomeric multiblock poly(aliphatic/aromatic ester) — PET/DLA of a hardness comparable to that of biomedical polyurethanes used for cardiovascular applications was applied as polymeric matrix and carbon nanoparticles (CNP, 30 nm) used as fillers (Fig. 1). The fatigue properties were determined by the "mechanical hysteresis loop method”, in which the subsequent stress-strain behavior was evaluated during cyclic deformations (Fig. 2, Table 1). The dynamic creep values of the copolymers and the synthesized nanocomposites containing 0.2 or 0.6 wt. % of the carbon nanoparticles was determined by sinusoidal deformation of the material in unsymmetrical cycles (Figs. 3—9, Table 2). The obtained results indicate that a small percentage per weight composition of the nanoparticles does not cause an increase in the creep resistance of the material in any significant manner over a long testing period (100 thousand cycles, 1.33 Hz frequency) under constant loading. Moreover, the studied polyester materials (with and without the nanofillers) exhibited an over six-fold increase in the creep resistance under loading in comparison with biomedical polyurethane currently applied in cardiovascular devices.
Key words: polyesters, carbon nanoparticles, nanocomposites, polyurethanes, dynamic mechanical properties, mechanical hysteresis loop method, artificial heart