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T. Garbacz, B. Samujło

Selected properties of geometric structure of the surface of cellular polyethylene products

Polimery 2008, No 6, 471


Summary

The conditions were found in which the cellular topcoats of energetic and installation cables, fulfilling exploitation requirements (as for cables of trademark "OWY 3 x 1.5mm2 450/750 V"), were obtained by foam extrusion (Fig. 1, 2, 4 and 5). The topcoats were made of two commercial grades of PE-HD polyethylene, produced by Borealis (Table 1). Polyethylene was mixed with blowing agent "Hydrocel 530" in amounts up to 1 wt. %. The effects of blowing agent content on mean density, porosity degree (Table 2) and the roughness parameters of the surface were evaluated. Roughness parameters studied were as follows: mean arithmetic deviation of surface roughness profile (Ra), ten-point height of irregularities (Rz), maximum peak to valley height (Rm) and mean spacing of irregularities (Sm) (Table 3 and 4). Dependence of (Ra) and (Rz) on blowing agent content has been described with regression equations (Table 5). The values of correlation factors obtained (rkw>0.985) confirmed the good agreement of selected mathematical model with experimental data.


Key words: foam extrusion, high-density polyethylene, blowing agents, roughness parameters


e-mail: t.garbacz@pollub.pl


T. Garbacz, B. Samujło

Selected properties of geometric structure of the surface of cellular polyethylene products