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S. Rupiński, Z. K. Brzozowski, K. Skwara

Water-soluble carbamoylethylated derivatives of potato starch.

Part I. Synthesis and structure

Polimery 2005, No 11-12, 821



Summary

Water-soluble starch derivatives (CrES) containing carbamoylethyl groups were synthesized using two methods. The first based on chemical degradation of native potato starch under the influence of KOH or NaOH and subsequent reaction of addition with acryloamide. The other based on carbamoylethylation of native starch in such reaction and subsequent enzymatic biodegradation of CrES obtained using a-amylase. The effects of biodegradation conditions, namely: catalyst type and concentration [Ca(OH)2, KOH], time and temperature of the process and a-amylase concentration on CrES solubility in the water and viscosity of aqueous solutions obtained (Table 1 and 6) as well as on the degree of substitution (DS, Table 2-5). The lowering of molecular weight of starch products after degradation, either chemical or enzymatic one, positively influences the solubility of CrES in water (results of MALDI-TOF measurements, Fig. 1, 2 and 6). The modification causes also the changes in the surface structure of CrES facilitating its dissolution in water (results of SEM microscopic investigations, Fig. 3 and 7). Chemical structure of CrES was confirmed by FT-IR method (Fig. 4, 5 and 8).


Key words: starch, carbamoylethylation, substitution degree, enzymatic degradation, a-amylase, water solubility, molecular weight, surface structure


S. Rupiński, Z. K. Brzozowski, K. Skwara

Water-soluble carbamoylethylated derivatives of potato starch. Part I. Synthesis and structure