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M. Żenkiewicz, A. Szach

Recent developments in the thermoformation of polymeric materials

Polimery 2010, No 5, 337


DOI: dx.doi.org/10.14314/polimery.2010.337

Summary

The most important developments and problems encountered in the thermoforming of polymeric materials have been presented based on a comprehensive review of the literature. The process, as well as the most suitable polymers in its applications have been characterized in general. The basic types of thermoforming - negative (Figs. 2 and 4), positive (Figs. 5 and 6) and twin-sheet methods were discussed. The results of the most recent studies presented in publications related to thermoforming such as the influence of the type of polymeric material on thermoforming, the effect of reinforcing fibers added to the polymeric composite on its mechanical resistance in the high-elastic state, thermoforming modeling methods and also thermal treatment methods of the polymeric material.


Key words: thermoplastics, thermoforming, properties


e-mail: marzenk@ukw.edu.pl


M. Żenkiewicz, A. Szach

Recent developments in the thermoformation of polymeric materials